Android is the operating system for mobile phones based on Linux. Android provides an open platform to developers for creating their own applications for use by a variety of mobile devices. Initially, Google Inc. bought Android Inc., newcomers who make software for mobile phones. Then to develop Android, formed the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of 34 companies for hardware, software, and telecommunications, including Google, HTC, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, T-Mobile, and Nvidia.
At the inaugural release of Android, 5 November 2007, with the Open Handset Alliance Android states support the development of open standards on mobile devices. On the other hand, Google released the Android code under the Apache license, a license software and open standard mobile device.
In this world there are two types of distributors operating system Android. The first fully supported by Google or Google Mail Services (GMS) and the second is completely free distribution without direct support Google’s otherwise known as the Open Handset Distribution OHD
In July 2000, Google works with Android Inc., A company located in Palo Alto, California United States. The founders of Android Inc. working at Google, among them Andy Rubi, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. At that time many consider the functions of Android Inc. just as software on mobile phones. Since then the rumors that Google is about to enter the mobile phone market. In company Google, a team led by Rubin served to develop a program of mobile devices supported by the Linux kernel. This shows an indication that Google is preparing for a competition in the mobile phone market.